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Water, dust, and impact protection ratings (IPX and IP)

Degree of protection against water (IPX)

RatingDegree of Water protection
IPX0no water protection
IPX1protection from dripping water (1mm per minute, in normal operating position (10min test time))
IPX2protection from dripping water (3mm per minute, at four positions of 15 ° tilt from operating position (test time 4 × 2.5 min))
IPX3protection from splashing water (water spraying at 60° angle and 10 litres per minute for at least 5 minutes)
IPX4protection from splashing water (water spraying on the device from all angles at a pressure of 50-150 kN/m2 with a rate of 10 litres per minute for at least 5 minutes)
IPX5protection against jets of water (water from a 6.3 mm nozzle from all angles at a flow rate of 12.5 litres per minute and a pressure of 30 kN/m2 for 3 minutes from a distance of 3 meters)
IPX6vigorously against jets of water (water from 12.5mm nozzle pointing from all angles at a flow rate of 100 litres per minute and a pressure of 100 kN/m2 for 3 minutes from a distance of 3 meters)
IPX7protection against immersion in water (for 30 minutes at a depth of 1 metre)
IPX8protection against continuous immersion in water (under conditions specified by the manufacturer)

Degree of protection against dust and impact (IP)

Degree of protectionImpact protectionAnti-intrusion protection
IP0Xwithout protectionwithout protection
IP1Xpalmswith a diameter greater than 50 mm
IP2Xfingerwith a diameter greater than 12.5 mm
IP3Xinstrumentwith a diameter greater than 2.5 mm
IP4Xby wirewith a diameter greater than 1 mm
IP5Xany objectdust partially
IP6Xany objectdust completely
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