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Depth of Field

Shallow depth of field 

Shallow depth of field (shallow focus) is achieved by highlighting the subject and its separation from the background. It is used for example when shooting portraits.

Malá hloubka ostrosti
Source: Wikipedia.org

Large depth of field

Large depth of field (deep focus) is achieved by focusing on near and distant objects in the image. It is used for example when photographing landscapes.
Velká hloubka ostrosti
Source: Wikipedia.org

Effects of the depth of field

  • The greater the focal length of the lens (more zoom), the depth of field is smaller.
  • The closer the subject is, the smaller the depth of field is.
  • The lower the f-number (eg. f-2.8), the depth of field is smaller.

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